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Lesson summary

Lesson in combining 2 years of study using the technology of collective creative activity.

Students age: 9-11 years old

The purpose of the lesson: To acquaint students with the features of preparing a photo essay in a newspaper.

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Methodical development of the training session “Photoreport. Preparing photos for publication »

The name of the collective: Creative Association Photo Studio "Plot" SP SBEI secondary school s. Red Army

Teacher: Kolcheva I.A.

Theme of the lesson: Photoreport. Preparation of photographs for publication (2nd year of study) using the technology of collective creative activity.

Students age: 9-11 years

Purpose of the lesson: To acquaint students with the features of preparing a photo essay in a newspaper.

  • Educational: 1. To form knowledge about the photo story as a special newspaper genre.

1. Teach to apply the acquired knowledge in the preparation of pictures in the newspaper, on the site.

2. Teach children to see the unusual in the ordinary.

3. Teach children to work in collaboration with adults.

  • Developing: 1. Develop the individual cognitive abilities of the child through the use of his life experience.

1. Create conditions for the inclusion of the child in group activities.

2. To reveal and use the subjective experience of each student.

3. To develop romanticism and creativity in children.

4. Attract students to diverse creative activities with access to a specific product (newspaper report).

  • Educators: 1.Help the formation of personality through the organization of cognitive activity.

1. To cultivate a respectful attitude to the work of photojournalists.

2. To educate a socially active creative person, to contribute to the organization of social creativity.

Class Form: Combined

Form of work organization: Group

Requirements for the organization and conduct of classes

Organizational requirements: - self-training of a teacher (study of special literature) -preparation of working materials (selection of photographs) -well-ventilated premises-availability of jobs

Didactic requirements: Through collective activity, the personal qualities of the child are brought up (responsibility for the work of the team, attentiveness, observation). Working with photographs instills in students an artistic taste and the skills of a photojournalist, making them spiritually rich. In the process of work, a socially useful orientation of the activity of children and adults develops.

The main forms of organizing the activities of students in the lesson: * group (explanation, task setting, creative tasks, promotion and analysis of the group)

By the method of organizing classes:

- Verbal - a teacher’s story, setting goals, discussing obscure and difficult moments, talking about the features of photographs for reporting. - Visual - a selection of photographs and teaching materials. - Practical - identifying features of the genre of photo essay.

In terms of children's activity: - Visual-figurative - the teacher’s explanation is accompanied by the obligatory showing of the subject of the explanation (photographs, reports in different newspapers) - Explanatory - illustrative - explanations are based on verbal reasoning with the display of newspaper materials.

Type of educational and creative activity

Organizational. Formulation of the goals and objectives of the lesson.

Psychological attitude to creative activity.

-staging a learning task

Detailed lesson plan

Stage I - organizational

Task: to set up the pupils for creative activity. Contents: Greetings and wishes for all creative success. Preparation of the workplace.

Equipment: collections of photographs, newspapers

Necessary materials and tools: PC, photo file, paper, pens,

Psychological attitude to creative activity: a recollection story about an excursion to the Samara Space exhibition

Stage II - main (substantive)

Objective: learn how to make an informed choice of photographs for reporting, depending on the given topic.

Contents: 1. Statement of the educational task: The teacher orientates children towards teamwork. The task is to select 7 photos for the photo report and draw up a caption for the photo.

2. Team work: The teacher suggests choosing from the proposed series (20 pcs) a few photos that most reveal the topic of the photo report. They should reflect the focus of the topic, be relevant and interesting. The children, together with the teacher, draw up a photo story plan so as not to miss the interesting moments of the tour, come up with interesting transitions in the description of the events.

3. Intermediate reflection: The team discusses the results of the preparatory work (using the “What if ...?” Technique). Children consider situations of possible reporting, asking each other questions that begin with the words: “What if ...?” These questions allow students to look at the problem from a different perspective, put forward their own assumptions, their own hypotheses of the development of events, expanding the most experience of spontaneous communication, contributing to the development of hypothetical thinking of children. (What if we call the story "History ...."? What if the beginning of the report comes from ...? What if the photographs are arranged in an unusual way? Etc.).

4. Collective work: On a large sheet of paper, work is underway on a photo report layout. Children choose the best places for photos, write text and place it on a sheet. As work progresses, there is a discussion that will help to make a collective decision.

5. Discussion of the results: So, let's look at the result of our work. We got a great photo story. Give critical comments about the resulting report. Does it fully reflect this event? Will every reader understand what we wanted to tell them? Etc.

6. Summing up: Each child expresses his opinion on the photo report, names the most active and creative children.

Stage III - Individual work (reflective (control)

Objective: mobilize children for self-esteem.

Contents: * Assessment of the psychological state (how much the children were interested and comfortable in the lesson), * Assessment of work performance (how well they mastered the skills that they received in the lesson).

Evaluation criterion: understanding the role of photo reporting in the newspaper, the personal contribution of each child to the common cause, the competent selection of questions during the discussion, the ability to analyze. * Assessment of the usefulness of work (how much this knowledge and skills will be useful in life), * Use of diagnostic techniques (observation, survey): Give an assessment of the work of the team. Who made the most interesting suggestions? At what point did you feel like a reporter? What have you learned? What did you like in class? How did your creativity come about? What is your mood now? Continue the offer: Being a photojournalist means ............. (all children say).

Fizminutka. It is carried out at the end of individual independent work (see the flow chart in the flow chart).

Stage IV - Discussion of the results (emotional evaluation)

Objective: to assess the work of the group

Content: pupils characterize (evaluate) their activities in the lesson, the teacher evaluates the success of the groups, the degree of enthusiasm and satisfaction of the children in general, thanks everyone for their creative work and hard work.

How to prepare a photo essay

Our experienced team of editors and researchers contributed to this article and tested it for accuracy and completeness.

The number of sources used in this article is 21. You will find a list of them at the bottom of the page.

The wikiHow content management team carefully monitors the work of editors to ensure that each article meets our high quality standards.

Today, photo essays are becoming more and more popular among journalists, bloggers and advertisers. Whether you are trying to demonstrate the emotional component of a news story or tell your friends and relatives about your hobby, photographs can interestingly reveal the chosen topic from a special individual and emotional perspective. Preparation of a photo essay boils down to choosing a specific topic, taking photographs and organizing photographs in the desired sequence.

Photographer Equipment

The very first thing is that you must be the owner of a convenient photo backpack or carry case. Wardrobe trunk is a special bag for cameras. With heavy and uncomfortable bags it’s hard to be mobile, it’s just uncomfortable to move around with them. And you need to move around quickly. The wardrobe trunk and backpack should be tight enough, better on the frame. This is to ensure that in the hustle or crush, the equipment in it is safe. In the days of film photography, craftsmen even made such strong wardrobe trunks on their own that the photographer could calmly stand on them in order to take a picture from the top point. A bag for equipment, plus everything, should be roomy - after all, you need to place several cameras, lenses, a flash and a thousand other little things in it. Moreover, it is necessary to place all this in such a way that you can blow any load in a second and without hesitation, on autopilot, so to speak, get it out and put it in the same way.

Photojournalist optics

Now about the lenses. They need a few. The first thing is a wide-angle lens with a focal length of 16 to 35 mm. With its help it is convenient to capture large spaces in the frame, without departing far from the event. It is indispensable when shooting group scenes, architecture, the general plan of the event. And such shots are necessary in the report, they carry a lot of information.

The telephoto is good at shooting distant objects that are difficult or impossible to approach. These are individuals from the crowd of those present, and some details of what is happening, so as not to attract everyone's attention. For example, posters are in the hands of opposition protesters.

It’s more convenient, of course, to use a single zoom lens. These are the so-called zoom lenses. In this case, there is no need for a constant change of lenses during operation (oh, how inconvenient it was for photographers 20–25 years ago, when there were no such miracles of technology). The most optimal zoom option for reportage shooting is 16-300 mm. But the trouble is that there are not enough high-quality lenses with such parameters and they are expensive. Therefore, you have to have at least two lenses - 18-70 mm and 70-300 mm.

The lens for shooting photo essays should have a good aperture. It is far from always necessary to shoot in good light and in such conditions that the flash cannot be used. The meaning in it, for example, disappears if you are 30-40 meters from the subject.

Flash and accessories

A flash is also needed. When shooting indoors, most often you can not do without it. The flash should interact well with your camera and its automation, have sufficient power. It is good if the flash is equipped with a diffuser. Do not forget about a sufficient supply of batteries. Outbreaks are very active consumers of their energy. It is also necessary to take with fail and spare batteries for the camera, it is better - not one set. And a few memory cards. Why are there several flash drives? Everything is simple. Better if it bugs one on 4 gigs than the same on 32. They are all so unreliable. And, among other things, small ones are easily lost.

If the event about which you will need to make a photo report is planned on the street, and possibly against the background of a beautiful landscape or architecture, it is good to have filters with you. We won’t be distracted by why they are needed in this case. You yourself read about it in other sources.

Now let's talk about how to shoot.

Before you start filming, before the event you need to understand - and what, in fact, you want to show and tell your viewers or customers. Formulate your main goal in advance. This will help you a lot in finding the right frame, in developing a common outline, reporting concept. If possible, it would be nice to read the scenario of the event in order to know who, when and where will come from and prepare in advance for this, without the fuss of taking the desired shooting point.

The event organizer can also order you a photo story. The customer needs to please, make as many frames with his logo as possible, take pictures so that in the frame there are often the first persons of the customer company, significant guests of the event. This is usually the customer likes. It may happen that he uses your pictures not only in his corporate album, but also in his own advertising. And this is another topic for conversation with you, and with you and me.

In the photo story you need to reflect the spirit, the scale of everything that happens. And these are general plans. Middle plans are also needed - the fact of the event itself: delivery of a letter, performance of someone on the podium. Close-ups, for example, the faces of the participants, look advantageous. Nice children's faces. They are sometimes very emotional and help convey the viewer's mood. You can even enlarge the details, show, for example, someone’s eyes, the company logo on a cup of tea. Pay attention again - do not forget about important guests. This is your passive PR, so to speak, advertising you as a photographer. This is important, this is a groundwork for the future.

And finally, a few short tips.

  • Try to come to the shooting early, before the event. You will have time and opportunity to evaluate the place of the event, the shooting points, lighting options and much more that will help you work without fuss.
  • When shooting a report, do not deny those present in the group portrait. Take off those who ask. And then boldly give them your business cards. Is this not a free advertisement?
  • Do not count frames. Shoot boldly and a lot. Fortunately, modern digital cameras, unlike old film cameras, allow you to do this. And when there is plenty to choose from, that means the result will be better. To do this, you need to acquire several flash drives.
  • Try to be polite and smiling and in general - more positive. It puts people to you.
  • Take more motion. Movement is life. Statics is a still life. Dead nature.
  • Do not forget to follow the camera settings. Perhaps, in the process, you could accidentally touch any button or lever and knock down the settings. Then you will be sorry.
  • If you are not the only photographer at the event, if your colleagues are working nearby, try not to disturb them. Do not overlap the frame, do not meddle in the frame of others. An experienced photojournalist should always support a friend and feel someone else’s lenses with his back.
  • During computer processing of images, monitor the white balance. The exposure and tonality of pictures in the report must be the same.
  • People like vivid reportage shots. Try to make your report not only eventful, but also saturated in color. It can even be slightly defiant in both respects.

A selection of photos:

Good luck to you! And - the old wish of the photocores to each other: "Do not forget to shoot."

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