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Making a table is a great simple project for a beginner carpenter, but it can also be quite complicated work for more experienced carpenters. The simplest table consists of a countertop, legs and a supporting frame. With a small amount of lumber for these elements, it will be possible to make a table that fully meets your needs.
Determined with design and construction
To choose a design, it is necessary to decide where the product will be used: on a grass lawn under a tree, supplement the arbor, stand in the workshop or in the house.
The simplest country table can be mounted in a few hours with a minimum of materials, but it will not last long. To get a product that will be really nice to use, you need to carefully prepare the boards and perform all the technical operations at each stage with high quality.
Its main advantage, unlike the purchase, is undoubted savings.
If you find a large stump in the forest, it can make an easy-to-make garden table. You only need to remove the bark from the stump, make an even cut on the top, sand it, treat it with an antiseptic and varnish. It is enough to nail or fasten the finished furniture board to the “leg” from the stump - and you're done.
Table tops made of planks fastened below with transverse rails look good. If you prefer glued countertops, you can do it yourself, but it will take a lot of effort.
If you can successfully emphasize them, you will become the author of a completely unique designer product, which is a pity to leave in the garden in the rain.
It is difficult for a novice master to fix the legs securely, so try to choose a design, correctly assessing your skills and taking into account the labor and time costs. The easiest way to make cruciform and L-shaped legs. To attach straight legs - you need to carefully connect the parts.
One of the most comfortable options for the garden is a folding table with benches, which can be installed in the gazebo or on the veranda. It is not difficult to carry out, the main thing is to choose high-quality materials and properly prepare them for work.
The simplest country table can be mounted in a few hours with a minimum of materials, but it will not last long.
How to choose a tree?
For a garden or kitchen table, many species of wood are suitable, both soft (pine, spruce, cedar, fir), and hard (oak, birch, ash, walnut, maple, apple tree, pear, acacia, etc.) The exception is too soft species wood (poplar, alder, aspen, willow).
One of the main parameters of the suitability of wood for the manufacture of furniture is resistance to decay: the species listed above meet this requirement.
If you do not plan to do furniture work all the time or just start to practice, give preference to the most common types of wood - pine and birch.
Table tops made of planks fastened below with transverse rails look good.
For countertops, frames and legs, it is possible to use wood of different species. At the assembly stage, dowels will be needed: they are usually made from acacia or boxwood. Birch wood has an inexpressive pattern and can significantly warp due to spilled liquid - it is better not to use it as a tabletop material, but due to the hardness of this breed you can make legs out of it.
The countertop is best done in oak or pine. If you can brush wood, the surface of the kitchen table can be a real work of art. Soft wood lends itself to brushing: the wood is burned with a gas burner, and soft fibers are removed with an iron brush. Work is best done in the yard due to the large amount of dust. If you managed to burn the wood evenly, the result will please you. Brush can be tinted with stains, stains, water diluted with art acrylic paint. Of course, brushing a tree is optional: this is just a decoration option.
If you prefer glued countertops, you can do it yourself, but it will take a lot of effort.
Selection of paints and adhesives
Before proceeding with installation, the boards must be protected from decay. The tree needs to be impregnated with a water-polymer emulsion (VPE): processing is carried out twice with an interval of 3-5 days. This is enough for the product to last a long time.
Some models will require glue. Along with special carpentry adhesives (BF-2, etc.), building PVA can be used: it is applied to both surfaces to be glued, dried to “tack”, then the parts are joined and kept under pressure for up to three days.
It is difficult for a novice master to fix the legs securely, so try to choose a design, correctly assessing your skills and taking into account the labor and time costs.
The choice of paints and varnishes is determined by where the product is planned to be used: in the yard or indoors. Alkyd, alkyd-urethane, nitrocellulose varnishes and oil paints are suitable for a garden table, which is inevitably exposed to rain. For the kitchen table, as for any furniture that is constantly in the room, it is better to use acrylic paints and varnishes: they are more environmentally friendly, do not have a strong smell. Varnishes marked with the “blue angel” mark are recommended for children's furniture and toys.
If you decide to cover the wood with wood stain, paint or simply tinted varnish, this must be done before assembly. The compatibility of materials must be considered. The varnish is tinted with a suitable paint composition: if the varnish is alkyd, the paint should be oil, if you use acrylic varnish - it can only be tinted with acrylic paint. First, a small amount of varnish is thoroughly mixed in a separate container with paint, and then the resulting mixture is added to a larger volume of varnish.
One of the most comfortable options for the garden is a folding table with benches, which can be installed in the gazebo or on the veranda.
What tools are needed
For work you will need:
- circular saw or jigsaw,
- hammer (if you decide to use nails).
For a garden or kitchen table, wood of many species is suitable.
Only the most necessary tools are included in this list, but to make the work more comfortable and the finished product look aesthetically pleasing, it is advisable to buy or rent a rotary miter box, an eccentric grinder and a milling machine.
The rotary miter box makes it possible to make cuts exactly at the right angle. An eccentric sander allows you to prepare the parts simply, quickly and efficiently: you sand the boards in an hour, instead of doing it all day manually with sandpaper. For high-quality machining of the ends, a belt grinder is useful, and a milling machine allows you to choose a tree for the necessary grooves and process the edges.
If you do not plan to do furniture work all the time or just start to practice.
Homemade table made of pallets
A spectacular rustic table can be constructed from pallets (wooden pallets). If you are a happy owner of such a container, especially a double-decker pallet, just take it apart: there is no problem purchasing boards!
Do you think it's always better to buy new boards? You probably have not worked with wood before: you cannot use raw wood (the product is deformed after a few months), and dry boards are much more expensive. To dry the boards from raw wood, they are stacked in piles in a well-ventilated room: this necessary process will delay your project for 4-6 months! A good option for the kitchen table may be the already mentioned rejected boards, also dry.
For countertops, frames and legs, it is possible to use wood of different species.
Back to the pallets: they are disassembled. Now you have at your disposal strong boards with different patterns and colors, it is possible that from trees of different species. These features should not be considered as flaws: they will add a twist to the product: you just need to create an interesting composition from them, alternating boards of a similar shade.
The sides of the pallet will make an excellent frame, and the remaining slats will be used to assemble the countertops.
Work is best done in the yard due to the large amount of dust.
To make the legs, you need a bar with a thickness of at least 5 cm. All details must be prepared: sand the fibers strictly with sandpaper, first large (No. 120-150), then finer grain (No. 400-600), carefully removing dust.
Some boards can be painted with acrylic or oil paint. Fans of the loft style can use stencils in the form of numbers or simple graphic symbols. Boards with a beautiful natural morim pattern or simply varnished. After staining or the first layer of acrylic varnish, the soft fibers rise, they need to be sanded with medium-sized sandpaper and a new layer of varnish is applied.
A spectacular rustic table can be constructed from pallets (wooden pallets).
If varnish is used on a non-aqueous basis, it is enough to apply 2-3 layers, and if acrylic - the number of layers can reach up to ten.
After varnishing the parts, you can proceed to the installation, which consists of several stages.
We fasten the boards of the countertops with the strips, which we place at the joints of the boards. Using a drill, screwdriver and screws, we fasten the boards to the slats (at the joints we use two screws, on solid boards - one). The use of a drill is necessary so that when the screws are screwed in, the wood does not crack. We assemble the frame from the prepared sidewalls of the pallets. Using a drill suitable for diameter screws, drill holes at the joints. Coat joints with glue and fix with screws. We install the legs: we simply screw the boards to the frame, screwing the screws diagonally. To strengthen the design, in a similar way we make jumpers at the bottom.
To make the legs, you need a bar at least 5 cm thick.
Glued countertop wooden table
For glued countertops, you need to choose boards of the same width. If the table is intended for the workshop and its appearance does not matter much, you can use the old floorboards: there are already grooves there. To make the grooves yourself, you need a milling machine.
To collect the countertops you need a flat surface. We simply coat the sidewalls with glue, join the boards without gaps and tighten the resulting structure with clamps. Depending on the glue used, the countertop should dry for 1 to 3 days. If everything is done correctly, you will get a countertop with a completely flat surface without cracks. It remains to work out the ends - first trim with a jigsaw, and then grind. In the absence of a belt sander, this must be done manually - with sandpaper, first large, then medium grain.
After varnishing the parts, you can proceed to the installation, which consists of several stages.
If you don’t want to mess with glue and clamps, you can use a ready-made furniture panel from a hardware store. Then the countertop remains covered with a transparent or tinted varnish.
For a good result, you need to apply 5-7 (for acrylic varnish up to 10) layers. After every third layer, the working surface of the countertop should be sanded with fine-grained emery paper, carefully removing dust with a damp cloth. At the stage of varnishing, it is important not to rush: each coat of varnish should dry well.
It remains to make the legs of the garden or kitchen table: we will focus on the option with L-shaped legs. You will need boards with a thickness of at least 22-25 mm.
For glued countertops, you need to choose boards of the same width.
L-shaped legs consist of two parts connected at an angle of 90. On the boards to be joined, it is necessary to make a selection, coat the joint with wood glue, and then install the screws.
When the glue dries, we cover the legs with varnish and after drying we simply attach it to the countertops on the screws.
The connection of the legs with the countertop has several options.
Table with straight legs
To make straight legs, it is enough to cut a thick beam into pieces of the same length. The connection of such legs with a countertop has several options.
To ensure that the straight legs are installed securely, a dowel connection can be used at home. You can make them yourself from acacia wood or buy ready-made ones. To assemble dowel joints, quick-drying carpentry glue (BF-2) is needed.
To make straight legs, it is enough to cut a thick beam into pieces of the same length.
X-shaped side table
X-shaped legs are made of boards or boards with a thickness of at least 50 mm.
- On the inner side of the countertop we fasten two screws on each side to the screws.
- To make the table look good, the edges of the planks must first be cut at an angle of 52.
- We fix paired slats so that the legs fit, we make 2-3 mm overlaps on each side.
- We lay the boards on a flat surface, crossing them at the desired angle. We measure the distance between the ends of the boards: it should correspond to the width of the table.
- Circle the intersection with chalk: here you need to choose half the thickness of the boards, so that after assembly they lay in the same plane.
- We coat the notches with glue and place the parts under the press for 1-3 days. For greater reliability, the connection can be strengthened with self-tapping screws.
- Varnish the legs.
- It remains to attach them to the countertop by placing them in the grooves formed by the slats - and the do-it-yourself table is ready.
X-shaped legs are made of boards or boards with a thickness of at least 50 mm.
Table with benches
The optimal solution for the gazebo is a dining table with benches attached to it. This design is best done collapsible to clean for the winter in the room.
For the table you will need thick boards (from 32 mm), which need to be cut into pieces according to the drawing. In this embodiment, two benches are attached to the table. When all the parts are cut, they must be sanded, paying particular attention to the ends. Each board is individually varnished.
The optimal solution for the gazebo is a dining table with benches attached to it.
To connect the parts of the structure, we will prepare studs (length 160 mm), nuts and washers - 24 pcs each. For other joints we use self-tapping screws or nails of suitable length. Using a drill, it is necessary to prepare all the holes for the fasteners.
According to the drawing, we assemble the countertop and the upper parts of the benches. We cut the transverse rails along the edges, the angle should be 45. This is conveniently done with the help of a rotary miter.
We make and fasten all the legs to the screws. We fix the parts sawn at an angle.
Each board is individually varnished.
We tighten the product with studs with bolts. The holes for the studs must first be drilled with a drill. When installing the stud, put washers on both sides and tighten the nuts using the wrench.
We tighten the product with studs with bolts.
We fix seat boards with gaps of 5 mm or more. When the seats are connected to sawn supports, we fasten them to the assembled base with 160 cm boards: 4 boards are needed.
We install the remaining studs and enjoy the result.
Using a drill, it is necessary to prepare all the holes for the fasteners.
Homemade table from pallets
The material for this table was disassembled pallets. Naturally, you can use new boards. Only one condition - they must be dry. You can buy dry ones (it costs more) or buy ordinary ones, put them somewhere in ventilated stacks and endure for at least 4 months, and preferably half a year. In general, any furniture, including garden benches, is made of dry wood.
We assemble the table for the street - put it in the gazebo, therefore we will not glue the boards of the countertop, but we will fasten them from below, using the planks. This is a very simple country table and very cheap.
Having disassembled the pallets, we get boards with an individual color and pattern. Having conjured a little, shifting them several dozen times in different manners, we achieve the desired result. It turns out quite a nice countertop.
From the boards we collect the countertop
Take the sides of the pallet. We use them for the table frame. We grind them first with rough sandpaper, then fine-tune them to the required smoothness (grain 120 and 220).
Side strips will go to the side of the table
We take the strips that remained unused, with their help we fasten the countertop. We place them in the place where the joints of the boards are. On the fastening of each board with a joint, we use two self-tapping screws, one on the whole - one.
From the processed sidewalls and two boards (also sanded) we assemble the table frame. We fix its parts with self-tapping screws at the end (two for each joint). The frame can be glued or also "planted" on the screws. Только длинна их большая. Под каждый предварительно сверлим отверстия сверлом, диаметр которого немного меньше диаметра саморезов.
Столешница почти готова
Собранную столешницу переворачиваем и шлифуем. Порядок тот же — сначала наждачной бумагой с крупным зерном, потом — с мелким.
Далее — установка ножек. Выбираем четыре доски одинакового размера, проверяем их длину, корректируем при необходимости. Then grinding again. It’s easier than grinding already screwed legs. We fasten the polished boards to the frame. This will be the legs. For each - two self-tapping screws fixed in a diagonal (see photo). For greater stability, we install jumpers at the bottom. About 10 cm can be left from the floor to the jumpers. We connect everything with screws so that the boards do not crack, we pre-drill holes.
Install the legs and jumpers
Next, we cover the table for the garden with varnish. After the first layer, the entire pile will rise. Do not be alarmed, this is normal. We take sandpaper with fine grain and grind to smoothness.
A do-it-yourself table for a summer house is almost ready. It remains to cover it with varnish
After removing the dust, varnish again. In principle, the varnish should lie evenly, but depends on the wood, so one more grinding / painting cycle may be needed. As a result, we get such a homemade country table.
DIY table for summer cottages ready to use
If you do not like mottled boards and traces of old nails, you can make the same construction of their boards. This table can be rectangular, maybe square. All sizes are arbitrary - look at the available space.
Cottage table from the remnants of boards
This do-it-yourself table for the garden is assembled from the remains of boards of different breeds and sizes. Pine boards 25 mm thick and 50 mm wide went to the frame of the countertop, and the remains 15 * 50 mm to the legs. We make the frame according to the size you need. This table will stand on the veranda, and it has a small width. So let's make it not wide - 60 cm, and the length is 140 cm. The height of the legs is 80 cm (in the family everyone is tall).
We assemble the frame, attach the legs to it
We immediately cut two long boards of 140 cm each, so that the tabletop was 60 cm wide, subtract the doubled thickness of the board used - this is 5 cm. Short bars should be 60 cm - 5 cm = 55 cm. We fold the frame, following the right angles, twist it with screws. We check whether the bars are folded correctly - we measure the diagonals, they should be the same.
We cut the boards four boards of 80 cm each, fasten them from the inside to the assembled frame. You can have 4 screws for each leg.
We make jumpers under the shelf
Around the middle of the legs, we fix the crossbar. This is the frame for the shelf. The shelf can be used for its intended purpose, and it also increases the rigidity of the structure. Fasten strictly at right angles, checking with a large square.
We put the frame on the floor, check whether it is staggering or not. If everything is done correctly, it should stand firmly. Next, take sandpaper or a grinder and grind.
Getting to the assembly of countertops. From the finishing work there were boards of different species of wood, some painted with stain. We alternate boards of different colors.
We fix the boards of the countertop with finishing nails, gently finishing them with a nether. On a shelf, you can fix it with ordinary nails or self-tapping screws. Then we level with a grinder. The last stage is painting. Very unlucky with the choice of varnish. Bought too dark, did not like the look. Have to sand again and paint with a different color.
Homemade table for the cottage is ready
Wooden table with a glued tabletop
This design is distinguished by L-shaped legs. They are assembled from boards of the same thickness. In this case, 20 mm. To keep them well, 5 screws are needed. Pre-drill holes with a drill with a diameter of 1-2 mm less than the diameter of the screws. Then drill a larger diameter drill recesses under the caps. The diameter can be selected for furniture plugs of a suitable color or make them from a wooden rod. Another option is to use wood putty, in which to add wood dust, which remains after grinding. After drying and sanding, traces will be difficult to find.
Legs with markings for fasteners
When assembling the legs, make sure that the angle is exactly 90 °. As a pattern, you can choose a beam. First, the joint of the two parts of the legs is coated with carpentry glue, then we install the screws in the following sequence: first two extreme, then the middle, and only then the other two. After the glue has dried, the legs are ground, varnished and dried.
Table legs ready
It's time to make a countertop. We collect it from boards of the same thickness. We recruit as large as necessary. You can use fragments of different widths. It is only important that everything looks organic, and the sidewalls of the boards are flat and dock without gaps.
We coat the sides of the boards selected for the countertop with glue, lay on a flat surface (some table) and tighten with clamps. In this case, they managed one, but preferably not less than three. We tighten so that there are no gaps in the resulting shield. Leave for a day. Removing the clamps, we get an almost finished countertop. It still needs to be trimmed - to align the edges, and then sanded. You can cut it with a jigsaw or an ordinary hand saw. Using a grinder is difficult to get a straight line, but you can try. After grinding we get a beautiful countertop.
Glue the tabletop from the boards
Using the same technique, you can make an oval or round countertop. Only it will be necessary to draw an appropriate line and stick glued boards along it.
To make the table look more attractive, make a frame. We take a thin bar, process it with sandpaper and fix it around the perimeter of the countertop. You can also use finishing nails. Only the planks are also pre-coated with wood glue, and then with nails.
We fix the bar around the perimeter
After the glue has dried, the joint is again treated with sandpaper.
This turns the finished countertop
Now you can mount the legs of the table. We assemble the table frame from four boards (there is no photo, but can be done as in the previous paragraph). We attach it to the back of the countertop with glue, then we install furniture confirmations through the countertop. A preliminary hole is drilled for confirmations with an extension under the head. The holes for the fasteners are masked in the same way as on the legs.
We fix the legs to the fixed frame. We put them inside the frame. You can attach it with ordinary screws. That's all, we made a table for the cottage with our own hands.
The table from the boards is ready
How to make a wooden garden table with benches
For this table, 38 * 89 mm boards were used (they dismissed themselves), but you can take standard sizes. The difference in millimeters will not greatly affect the results. In the photo below you can see what should happen.
Outdoor table for a summer house with benches
To connect the parts used studs 16 cm long with washers and nuts (24 pieces). All other joints are with 80 mm long nails.
We connect parts of the table with studs and washers and nuts.
Parts are installed in place, a through hole is drilled with a drill. A hairpin is installed in it, washers are put on both sides and nuts are tightened. Everything is tightened with a wrench. Why is this option convenient? For the winter, you can take it apart and take it to the barn or garage.
How to make a wooden dining table
A table made of solid wood is beautiful, natural and, as a rule, expensive. But to buy such a table is not necessary, because you can make it with your own hands no less qualitatively and for much less money.
So, to make a dining table with your own hands you will need:
- 4 things. baluster legs for the table, 73 cm high and not too thin,
- For countertops: 4 dry edged wooden boards 1 m long (for a table 60 cm wide),
- For the frame: 2 boards 80 cm long and 2 boards 40 cm long.
Prepare tools: a planer, a grinder or a grinder, a jigsaw for cutting boards, a circular saw, a drill (with a drill of 8 mm), a screwdriver, sandpaper, self-tapping screws (30 mm), carpentry glue, dowels, clamps (preferably). And, of course, pencil, tape measure, gloves and safety glasses come in handy.
To finish the table you will need varnish, stain or paint, along with a primer. First, make a countertop. To do this, you need to maximally accurately adjust all 4 boards to the same length - 100 cm. If your boards have not been sawn at the sawmill, then they need to be trimmed also in width and thickness. Then they must be carefully sanded with a planer. The better you sand the wood, the smoother the countertop will be. Work the edges well so that the boards fit as tightly as possible to each other.
We will not connect the boards with screws and nails, but with glue and dowels (choppers). To do this, on the edges of all boards we make the same notes with a step of 10-15 cm and drill holes for dowels with an 8 mm drill. Then we sanded the edges and apply wood glue to them and into the holes made. Now we chop the chopped processed by the same glue into the holes and in turn connect all 4 bars. We remove excess glue on the surface with sandpaper and grind it, as well as all edges with a plane. At this stage, you can walk along the countertop with a metal sponge to give the wood a texture.
So the countertop is ready. Now you need to fasten the legs and make a base for it.
To do this, evenly fasten the balusters with short transverse boards with glue and screws. The glue dries for at least 12 hours.
We fix the legs to the long crossbars and drill holes in them in order to later install the countertop.
After the glue in the frame dries, you can proceed to install the countertop on it (frame).
If you want to make the table longer and wider, then you need to strengthen the table with two additional transverse trims, as shown in the photo.
So, the table is almost ready, it remains only to process it with varnish or stain or paint, pre-primed.
What color to paint the table? Build on personal preferences and the color of the rest of the furniture. Below is the most versatile option - the countertop and legs are covered with stain.
You can watch about the main mistakes of staining a tree with your own hands in this video.
If you like gloss, then the surface of the table can be covered with stain, and on top with varnish (example in the photo below), or simply varnished.
You can paint the legs white, and cover the countertop with stain to get a design like the one in the next photo.
How to make a kitchen table from chipboard
A do-it-yourself kitchen table made of laminated chipboard is a practical and affordable solution. Such countertops are covered with decorative plastic, which is resistant to abrasion. In a typical embodiment, the dimensions of the countertop canvas are 3000x600x36 (26) mm, but today it will not be difficult to purchase a sheet of chipboard sawn to the required dimensions or arrange in the furniture workshop to sell a suitable trim.
You will also need:
- Connecting and end strips,
- End edges
Even if you get a countertop of suitable sizes, you will need to additionally process the ends - this will make the result more attractive, as well as protect the base from moisture. For these purposes, you can use a special furniture edging based on polyvinyl chloride or glue an edge tape. The edging option is considered more practical for the dining table and suitable for home craftsmen.
For the kitchen table, you will need the appropriate supports - you can buy legs separately or give preference to the finished base. It all depends on which option your drawings provide. The most common option is round legs D = 60 mm and a height of 71 cm. They can be collapsible, adjustable in height, and also vary in design - matte, painted, shiny.
In our case, it will be chrome shiny legs of a bar with a diameter of 60 mm, as well as a table top made of white chipboard 36 mm thick and a white plastic mortise T-shaped edging with girths is selected for it.
So, how to make a dining table with a worktop from chipboard:
- The material is marked according to the drawing. At the corners of the rounding should be a radius of 60 mm.
- The tabletop is shaped using a jigsaw.
A saw with reversible teeth should be used, since otherwise a plastic coating could be chipped. First, the chipboard angle is cut with a jigsaw with a margin of 2 mm, and then finally rounded off by a grinding machine.
- The groove for the edging is milled.
- Stuffed edging. Before this, the ends of the product must be coated with silicone sealant. The sealant is laid both in the edging and on the top side of the countertop. To stuff the edging, a rubber mallet is used. Then the excess sealant is removed.
- The legs are attached. To do this, on the reverse side of the countertop, marking is done with a pencil. In most cases, the legs are placed 100 mm from the edge.
For fastening the holders, self-tapping screws with a countersunk head about 20 mm long are used. After this, the legs are put on the holders and fixed with a hex wrench - that's all, your new table is ready.
Dimension bench drawing
According to the drawing, we cut the boards of the required size. Everything is needed in double quantity - for two seats. We grind the boards, pay special attention to the ends.
We cut the short segments with which we fasten the three seat boards along the edges at an angle of 45 °. First, we assemble the structure, which is attached to the bottom seat. We take a board about 160 cm long, at the end we attach two short boards sawn at an angle to it. It is necessary to attach so that this board is in the middle.
Seat Support Assembly Bottom
Then we attach the legs to the resulting structure (you can use nails). Then we add more sawn boards at an angle and tighten everything with studs and bolts.
We fix the seat boards to the resulting structure. Since this is a street table, you do not need to knock them close. Leave a gap between two adjacent at least 5 mm. We nail with nails to the supports (which are sawn down), two for each board.
Fasten the seats together
We fix the finished seats with four boards 160 cm long. Each leg is fastened with pins (if you walk, you can put two pins by placing them in a diagonal or one above the other).
We connect the legs to the boards using studs
How to determine the dimensions
According to the principles described above, you can make tables more or less in length and width. How to choose the best size for your family?
If we are talking about a standard kitchen with dimensions from 6 to 8 squares, then the drawings will demonstrate a typical design with a height of 750 mm and a perimeter of 800 * 500 ... 1200 * 600 mm.
Do-it-yourself dining table should be designed for a certain number of people. Usually it corresponds to the number of residents - 3-9, but a couple of empty seats are still added for guests. For large companies, a folding design will be a good solution.
The calculations are carried out as follows: the number of persons is multiplied by 60 (the “working” perimeter per person). As for the width of the tabletop, here we follow the recommendations of specialists - its optimal values are from 800 to 1100 mm. Narrow tables are difficult to set up, and wide tables are inconvenient for sitting.
If you decide to make the kitchen table oval (round) with your own hands, you will have to calculate the circumference - diameter * 3.14.
Putting a table together
The table is assembled in a different way. Please note, for countertops, the transverse boards at the edges are cut off at 52 °. We fasten them at such a distance that the legs enter. For each board, 2 nails. You can finish, with small hats, or you can hammer deeply, and then mask the holes with putty.
How to make a wooden outdoor table
Now you need to collect the legs-crosses. We take two boards, cross them so that the distance between their ends is 64.5 cm. Circle the intersection with a pencil. At this point, it will be necessary to remove the wood at half the thickness of the board.
It will have to be cut
We make the same notch on the second board. If you add them, they turn out in the same plane. We connect with four nails.
How to make X-shaped legs for a garden table
In the same way, we make the second leg for the table. While the table is not assembled.
Rules for choosing a form
The shape of the kitchen table plays a significant role in the perception of space. Universal design - rectangle or square with right angles. It is balanced and can be installed close to the wall or in the center of the room, saving space.
Oval models are also quite convenient and beautiful, but they are not very large - the most dimensional product will accommodate no more than 8 people. In addition, they require large areas - more than 8 square meters. meters, because you can’t put them on the wall.
The round table can also be called a universal and traditional option, suitable for both very small and large kitchens. But it has less capacity than a rectangular table.
The best option is a rectangular table with rounded corners. We have already described how to make just such a table from particleboard with our own hands.
Set the table
Now you need to fix the legs to the structure on which the benches are installed. We put them at an equal distance from the benches, fasten them with pins.
Table legs mount
Now install the countertop. We also fasten it with studs. The last stage is painting. Here everyone does as he likes.
Outdoor table for a summer house with benches
Furniture Care Rules
After the dining table is made, you will need to take care of the long operational period of the product.
So, wood furniture, polished and varnished, needs careful care, as it can easily be scratched. In addition, traces of contact with hot are possible here. В качестве базового ухода за древесиной подбирается универсальный полирующий состав.
Если же речь идет о столешнице из МДФ или ДСП с пластиковым покрытием, то уход за ней не сложен и заключается в регулярном мытье моющими средствами.
Не забывайте, что кухонную мебель нужно отодвинуть от отопительных приборов и от стен, граничащих с улицей. Вреден для деревянной мебели будет и прямой солнечный свет.
Variations on a Theme
According to this drawing, you can make separately benches and a table for a summer residence, garden. The design is reliable and easy to execute.
Separately benches and a little table for a garden according to the same drawing
You can make the appearance more decorative by slightly changing the design of the seats and countertops
Another option with separate benches
DIY table: drawings
Steady country table
Simple table with X-shaped legs
Wooden garden table
Homemade wooden table with a crossbeam at the bottom