Positions or Role in Basketball basically three: defender, forward and center. In detail, the roles of players can be divided into 5 categories: point guard, attacker, light forward, heavy (or powerful) forward and center. These positions are not governed by the rules of basketball and are informal. Basically, the positions are grouped according to the principle of finding the player on the court: the front line and the back.
A basketball player who can play in several positions is a valuable asset for the coach and his teammates, it is difficult to patronize such a player on the court. At the same time, even if the player has the skills for a certain position, it is important to develop universalism. The point guard, who can take a position for selection, or the center, who can drive the ball, will help the team win.
Point guard (English Point Guard), or first number, - the position of the player in the basketball team. The point guard sees the playing field better than others, estimates the location of the attackers both in an early attack (quick lead) and in a positional attack. The point guard creates conditions and situations on the court so that each partner can bring as much benefit to the team as possible, must know the strengths and weaknesses of the opposing team in order to skillfully use the advantages of his team. It starts all combinations and cements defense, insures the team with quick breaks. Players of this role are characterized by absolutely free possession of the ball, high speed (some point guards can argue with professional athletes in this component), dexterity in the passage to the ring, many have good jumping ability and can do slam dunks along with taller players. The average height is approximately 185-195 cm.
In those distant years, when basketball was still gaining momentum, the function of the 1st number was exclusively to play a combination at the beginning of the attack, but in modern basketball the point guard can act as an attacking defender, such players are often called “combos”. A striking example of such a player is Allen Iverson, who, with his small (by basketball standards) height (183 cm), began his career as a point guard, but in fact he always played as the 2nd number.
The most titled player in this position is Magic Johnson (206 cm) - he was awarded the title of the most valuable NBA player (MVP) three times in his career. Other award-winning players include Oscar Robertson, Allen Iverson, Steve Nash and Stephen Curry. The leader in the number of assists in the entire history of the NBA (15,806) is John Stockton.
Attacking defender (born Shooting Guard), or second number, - the position of the player in the basketball team. The circle of actions of this player includes two main responsibilities - completion of attacks and custody of dangerous opponents in the attack. An attacking defender is that player who must be able to attack and score points. Often the attacking defender is the team's best sniper, some of them can sometimes act as a point guard (combo guard) or light forward (swingman). The defense always seeks to stop the best snipers, therefore, having drawn the attention of the defense, the attacking defender can easily find by transferring a partner from whom there is a safety net. The defender’s ability to give a good pass is a serious quality that makes the player much more valuable and stronger. Players of this type are usually very fast, agile, with a high jump and height of approximately 193–201 cm. A good throw from an intermediate and long range and quick dribbling are mandatory for an attacking defender.
It should be noted that many basketball legends were attacking defenders, such as Michael Jordan, Reggie Miller, Clyde Drexler, Oscar Robertson, Jerry West, Allan Houston, Allen Iverson and Kobe Bryant, Dwayne Wade. Among the current NBA players can be identified James Harden and Clay Thompson.
Physical fitness is the foundation of a good basketball player
All professional athletes, including basketball players, have a good and comprehensive physical development. In order to have an advantage over rivals in this game, you must develop the following qualities: strength, speed, endurance, dexterity and coordination of movement.
When training in the basketball section, you are most likely mastering general physical fitness. However, if you train only with the ball, then you will not be able to fully develop your physical fitness. In order to achieve it, you need to engage in other sports. For example, athletics - it will help develop endurance and speed. Other qualities can be developed using specialized exercises.
Each sport is unique and has a priority for the development of one criterion, others, of course, also develop, but to a lesser extent.